A Review
of G.E. Hughes'
John Buridan on Self-Reference
Chapter Eight, Sophismata, of Buridan's
Summulae de Dialectica
Translated with an Introduction and a
Philosophical Commentary
by Doug Renselle

Related Links:
Historical Biography: Jean Buridan (Peter Ravn Rasmussen on Buridan)
Dawes Hicks Lectures on Philosophy (1962 . A N Prior, Some Problems of Self-Reference in John Buridan)
Philosophers: Chronological Index (A link to Buridan is absent. We are attempting to correct that.)
Macquarie University Late Medieval (Find a Latin text of Buridan's here.)
Visit Gyula Klima's new site at Fordham. Write Dr. Klima at Fordham if you also want to consider joining SMLM:
"The Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics (SMLM) is a network of scholars founded with the aim of fostering collaboration and research on recovering profound metaphysical insights of medieval thinkers while we reflect on the logical framework in which those insights were articulated, given the paradigmatic differences between medieval and modern logical theories." [Minor edits for brevity. Also consider that medieval logic is essentially classical and disdains our own adherence to quantum logic. Aristotle's syllogistic 'laws' both deny and outlaw quantum logic. To consider this more clearly see our Fractal Connection below. Doug 20Nov2000, 22Jul2001. Also see more recent QELRs of associate, choice, commute, consensus, contradict, dialectic, excluded-middle, independent, intellect, intelligence, is, judge, law, line, logic, not, number, object, open, phase, physics, point, positive, predict, proof, reason, relate, science, state, stochastic, think, truth, uncertainty, understand, etc., and our 2004 Bases of Judgment. Doug - 17Sep2005.]
Peter Tieleman Dissertation on Buridan (Look for Peter's link at page bottom & be patient takes awhile to load)
A Journal for Philosophy (Search for Buridan great links here; Paul Eliasberg and Paul Vincent Spade)
Note: There are many links to material on Buridan. Use your search engine to find: John-, Jean-, Johannes-Buridan.
(Please use your browser's BACK button to return here from these remote links.)

My perspective of G.E. Hughes', John Buridan on Self Reference,
_____________________________________________-'Chapter Eight of Buridan's Sophismata, Translated with
_____________________________________________-an Introduction and a Philosophical Commentary,'
_____________________________________________-1982, Cambridge University Press, 171 pages,
_____________________________________________-including bibliography and index. -
Doug Renselle

Sorry this is late! As you will see, there is much here. As I said, "...waiting is..."

Reader, please view this effort as working papers in progress. The material covered by this review is so extensive that we see no end to possibilities for new nexuses. Potential for you, here, is enormous. Your reviewer sees no limit to innovations which may arise from understanding fundamental issues discussed herein. Enjoy, and watch for continuing changes and extensions to our work here.

Recent revisions (one current) marked by, , herein. Suggested reading order marked by, , below. That suggestion is crucial, since each reading quantum~fractally, gn¤stically, ~recursively, and ~holographically EIMA interrelates () all others suggested in terms of quantized omnivalent understandings. Doug - 1Feb2010. If you are new to Quantonics, pay attention to our suggestion! Due diligence now will save you months of research labor in futurings. Especially those of you who are integrating Quantonics material into textbooks, classroom syllabi, theses, new layout storybooks, science fiction novels and movies (e.g., Caprica and Mindwalk), and product plans.

Review of Hughes' John Buridan on Self Reference ( 20May2010 - Doug: see Comparison of Assumptions "...true premises never entail a false conclusion...")

 Summary of Buridan's Logic
See our new Millennium III Reality Map too!

"And he knew!
He knew the Quality he talked about lay outside the mythos...He knew that to understand Quality
he would have to leave the mythos.
Robert M. Pirsig, p. 315/373, ZMM, Bantam paper.

"In all of the Oriental religions great value is placed on the Sanskrit doctrine of Tat tvam asi, 'Thou art that,'
which asserts that everything you think you are
and everything you think you perceive are undivided
To realize fully this lack of division is to become enlightened.

"Logic presumes a separation of subject from object [i.e, excluded-middle]; therefore logic is not final wisdom."

(Here, in these two paragraph fragments,
Pirsig acknowledges his understanding
of a quantum included~middle, and then he exposes
classical logic's absolute and unyielding denial of it.
Doug - 5Oct2002.)
Robert M. Pirsig, p. 126/373, ZMM, Bantam paper.


 • DQ  — Pirsig's Dynamic Quality
   • PES  — Physical Energy/Mass Space-Time
   • SOM  — Subject-Object Metaphysics
   • SQ  — Static Quality
   • VES  — Vacuum Energy nonSpace
 Miscellany about Buridan
 Buridan's Works
 Aristotle Connection                         1
 Quantum Connections                    3
 SOM Connection                             2
 Sophism Connections                       4
 Newton Connection                         5
 Fractal Connection                          6
 Gödel Connection  
 Pirsig Connection
 What are Sophisms?
 What is Logic?
 What is Absurd?
 What is Real?
 Are Chimera Real?
 Why this Review?

To contact Quantonics write to or call:

Doug Renselle
Quantonics, Inc.
Suite 18 #368 1950 East Greyhound Pass
Carmel, INdiana 46033-7730

©Quantonics, Inc., 1998-2014 Rev. 23May2010  PDR Created: 3Nov1998  PDR
(2Nov1999 rev. by Doug: added epiphanous and apropos Pirsig quote above.)
(15Nov1999 rev. by Doug: added unilogism vis-à-vis paralogism paragraph to: What is Logic?.)
(7Dec1999 rev. by Doug: added link to new Millennium III Reality Map.)
(8Jan2000 rev. Repair off-page return links.)
(18Mar2000 rev. Correct typos.)
(19Apr2000 rev - Add link to our Newton Connection.)
(11Aug2000 rev - Note change to Aristotle Connection.)
(20Nov2000 rev - Add Gyula Klima's new site at Fordham and an offer to join SMLM.)
(23Nov2000 rev - Remove legacy Klima links.)
(22Jul2001 rev - Rev. date 'Fractal Connection.')
(15Mar2002 rev - Rev. Aristotle Connection.)
(5Oct2002 rev - Add second Pirsig quote above. Annotate 'Fractal Connection' update.)
(20Jan2003 rev - Announce Sophism 1 update.)
(17Sep2005 rev - GIFs in place of some wingding incompatibles. Adjust colors. Highlight What is Sophism? updates.)
(30Oct2005 rev - Minor 'What are Sophisms?' update.)
(16Dec2005 rev - Mark update to list of Buridan's Definitions.)
(7Mar2006 - Update Aristotle Connection.)
(21Aug2006 rev - Minor reformating. Massive respell.)
(30Oct2006 rev - Reset legacy red text.)
(10Nov2007 rev - Reformat slightly.)
(27Oct2008 rev - Reformat slightly. Update 'Why this Review?)
(26Nov2008 rev - Update 'Pirsig Connection.' Reset legacy markups.)
(14Mar2009 rev - Make notice of latest change to Reviewer comparative assumptions page.)
(12-13May2009 rev - Update 'Sophism_Connections.')
(8.19Dec2009 rev - Make page current. Reset legacy markups. Adjust colors.)
(1Feb2010 rev - Update 'Quantum Connections.')
(12-18Apr2010 rev - Update 'Fractal Connection.')
(23May2010 rev - Add commentary to Comparison of Assumptions: Never Entail False Conclusion)